La conduite des conduitesSyndromeDrunkatedDissipation On A TurnThis and ThatCastles Made of SandWar of FreedomJeux de TablesLogged OnAnxious StabilityTortoiseTour de forceEmbrase-moiLost ObjectPickaxe HeadsThe Abyss of LibertyÉtant DonnésBlowbackAnthropometryOverpowerReliefPile100watts to 3wattsDecolonisationLeakTestudoMoleculeBleedShelterDead StarThe Great EncounterLate ProgramReciprocal EnergySilent ShoutsBlack Whole ConferenceBraking MatterEngineSilent ScreamingSofiaDangerous SubstanceDissectionTrompeOpacity of the Body within the Transparency of the CircuitAnxious StabilityOut of the white

Tortoise   [2010 – 14]
Brass alloy and silver brazing, 28 x 28 x 58 inches
Milton Keynes Public Library, Buckinghamshire, England

The sculpture Tortoise uses the existing shelter for pedestrians — the product of the great Milton Keynes (UK) city planning — as building blocks. The total lot of 300 shelters were made to protect the wandering pedestrian from the weather in this garden city. But the leisurely activities of strolling and sitting have become somewhat pointless, regarded as having no real function. As a result, not to be caught roaming around, the inhabitants of Milton Keynes tend to use cars even to go to the central shopping district. This efficiency and functionalism have created an environment for cars, the consequence of which is that the weather has become more and more terrifying. The artwork suggests a scenario where all the existing shelters have uprooted themselves and reconfigured into a new fictional configuration, the formal approach of which is inspired by the Roman ‘Tortoise formation’, a protective strategy. Insulated from the outside, the shelters create a private inaccessible space by defending itself, with their legs pointing outward, against external threats. By facing out, the porte-cochere that was once a place for an encounter has become a dark inaccessible inner space. The sculpture broadly refers to the utopian aspirations of Milton Keynes, which like the tortoises, are now becoming endangered, and we must, therefore, protect them in these changing environments.

Wenzel Hollar (1607–1677)
Title: Testudo
Date unknown (author lived 1607-1677)

Scale drawing of the proposed installation under Milton Keynes shelter.

An example of Milton Keynes shelters, there are 304 in the city.